BioSET Enzyme Therapy
The Three Enzyme Categories
There are three main categories of enzymes:
- Metabolic Enzymes
- Digestive Enzymes
- Food Enzymes
Metabolic enzymes are produced internally and are responsible for running the body at the level of the blood, tissues, and organs. They are required for the growth of new cells and the repair and maintenance of all the body’s organs and tissues. Metabolic enzymes take protein, fat, and carbohydrates and transform them into the proper balance of working cells and tissues. Metabolic enzymes also remove worn-out material from the cells and keep them clean and healthy.
Digestive enzymes are produced internally and deal with the digestion of food and the absorption and delivery of nutrients throughout the body. The most commonly known digestive enzymes are secreted from the pancreas into the stomach and small intestine. Each enzyme is specific to a particular compound, which it can break down or synthesize. The three most important enzymes for digestion are protease, amylase, and lipase. They digest protein, carbohydrate, and fat, respectively.
Food enzymes (the only ones produced externally) are derived solely from raw foods and supplements. They help the digestive enzymes break down food. Food enzymes must also have the presence of vitamins and minerals, called co-enzymes, for proper functioning. Unlike raw enzymes, co-enzymes are not completely destroyed by cooking. Because raw food enzymes become useless after heat processing, co enzymes in our diet are not utilized to their full potential.
The following are the main digestive enzymes that are used therapeutically to help restore the body’s homeostasis and strengthen the immune system:
- Protease—breaks down protein into amino acids; acts on pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and cancer cells; works best in the high acidity of the stomach; also found in pancreatic and intestinal juices.
- Amylase—breaks down carbohydrates (starches) into simpler sugars such as dextrin and maltose; found in the saliva, pancreas, and intestines; secreted by the salivary glands and the pancreas.
- Lipase—along with bile from the gallbladder, breaks down fats into glycerol and fatty acids and the oil-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and F; helpful in losing weight and for cardiovascular conditions.
- Cellulase—breaks down fiber and cellulose found in fruits, vegetables, grains, seeds, and plant material; increases the nutritional value of fruits and vegetables.
- Pectinase—breaks down pectin-rich foods such as citrus fruits, apples, carrots, potatoes, beets, and tomatoes.
- Lactase—breaks down lactose, the complex sugar in milk products; ideal for lactose-intolerant individuals; production usually decreases with age.
- Cathepsin—breaks down meat from animals.
- Antioxidant enzyme—protects us from the negative effects of free radicals (highly reactive compounds that can damage the body).
- Bromelain—breaks down food protein into smaller peptones by hydrolysis; helps the body to fight cancer, improves circulation, and treats inflammation; assists in the absorption of nutrients from foods and supplements; increases tissue permeability; prevents the narrowing of arteries that contribute to heart attacks.
- Papain—breaks down food protein into smaller peptones by hydrolysis; aids body in digestion.
- Glucoamylase—breaks down maltose (the sugar in all grains) into two glucose molecules, allowing greater absorption of this energy-giving sugar.
- Invertase—Helps to assimilate and utilize sucrose (a sugar that contributes to digestive stress if not properly digested).
- Catalase—breaks down hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. Plays an important role in immune function. It destroys hydrogen peroxide that forms in the cell during energy production. If the body is deficient in catalase, hydrogen peroxide builds up and is very toxic.
When digestion is poor, and substantial amounts of food remain undigested, these undigested food residues can seep into the bloodstream. They are viewed by the immune system as antigens and quickly become attached to antibodies and form antigen-antibody complexes know as “circulating immune complexes” (CIC’s). These tiny immune complexes float freely in the blood or the lymph until they are consumed by the larger macrophages—the garbage collectors of the immune system.
If these CIC’s are overlooked by the macrophages, or if drugs, steroids or excessive antibiotics suppress the macrophages, the CIC’s grow in size and attach themselves onto body tissue. Then the backup immune defense system (T and B cells produced by the bone marrow), starts destroying body tissue cells in an attempt to destroy the CIC’s. Thus an autoimmune response occurs, creating inflammation, redness and swelling. Certain enzymes, especially protease, can break up the CIC’s.
Arthritis, colitis, fibromyalgia, asthma, migraines, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis are examples of autoimmune activity at work. Dr. Cutler has found that all respond favorably to enzyme therapy.
Enzyme preparations can be used to treat a wide variety of chronic inflammatory conditions including candidiasis, bronchitis, bacterial infections, kidney infections, ear infections, sinusitis, herpes zoster, and herpes simplex 1 and 2. Enzymes can also be beneficial to sufferers of colitis, Crohn’s disease, and irritable bowel syndrome by restoring digestion, cleansing the area, and preventing the formation of circulating immune complexes and auto aggressive reactions.
Let me give you a couple of examples of how enzyme therapy and BioSET can work together to provide an effective treatment.
Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) has a number of causes, and eating protein is not always the answer. In fact, the most common cause of hypoglycemia is a problem with protein consumption. Fifty percent of the protein we consume is converted to sugars in the body to provide nourishment and energy. When intolerant of or allergic to protein, the body cannot utilize the amino acids needed to make sugar, and we become hypoglycemic. We must digest and tolerate protein in order to make use of the amino acids. Although elimination of the allergy or intolerance to protein is crucial, enzymes, particularly protease, can also be helpful.
Sugar allergy is also important in understanding hypoglycemia. If one cannot digest and absorb sugars then hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and hypoglycemia can develop. When blood sugar levels are too high as a result of over consumption and poor digestion of sugar, the pancreas secretes too much insulin that brings blood sugar levels crashing. Ultimately, this can exhaust the pancreas and cause diabetes.
Let’s take a brief look at arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease characterized by pain, heat and swelling. Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease of unknown origin with similar symptoms.
Rheumatoid arthritis is thought to be related to the invasion of the joints by circulating immune complexes and the autoimmune reactions that occur as a result. By interrupting the immune complexes and causing their elimination from the body, enzymes—particularly protease, bromelain, and lipase—can be extremely beneficial in reducing symptoms and restoring a balanced life.
Enzyme therapy, can also benefit those with osteoarthritis. In particular, the focus is on allergies to foods that have an acid by-product such as meats, nightshade family vegetables, certain fruits, and sugars.
Bacteria and parasites are also treated as an allergy in working with arthritis and other joint problems. Enzymes that digest proteins and sugars can also be helpful, as can lipase (for fats) and protease. Lipase also helps soothe the inflammation.
Before leaving the subject of enzymes: Enzyme effectiveness is dependent on activity, not concentration. i.e – repetition, taking with each meal,(long term) not taking whole daily dosage in the morning.
It is important to remember that probiotics, such as lactobacillus acidophilus are not digestive enzymes. They are “friendly” bacteria which help normalize the G.I. tract.